Uganda’s planning process is encompassed on the Comprehensive National Development Planning Framework (CNDPF) which was introduced in 2007 as the country’s strategic planning framework. The CNDPF presents a synchronized and holistic approach to development planning intended to deliver long-term development aspirations of the nation. It comprises five principal elements namely; a 30 year national vision, 10 year national development plan, 5 year national development plans and annual plans and budgets as shown in the diagram below;
The CNDPF is a continuous inter-disciplinary and participatory/all-inclusive process by which, the present and future aspirations of a country or community are systematically translated into reality, in accordance with development needs and constraints of its sectors, regions, institutions and entire populations.
The 30 year vision guides the development agenda of the country by articulating long term aspirations and projections about the desired future. Uganda’s 30 year vision is the ‘Vision 2040.” It seeks to achieve “A transformed Ugandan society from a peasant to a modern and prosperous country within 30 years.” As such, the Vision 2040 is conceptualized around strengthening the fundamentals of the economy to harness the abundant opportunities around the country. The opportunities include; oil and gas, tourism, minerals, ICT, abundant labour force, geographical location and trade, water resources, industrialisation, and agriculture. On the other hand, the fundamentals include: infrastructure for (energy, transport, water, oil and gas and ICT); Science, Technology, Engineering and Innovation (STEI); land; urban development; human resource; and peace, security and defence.
Interventions for the vision are sequenced and detailed in the 5-year national development plans and annual budgets. Regular review, monitoring and evaluation of Vision 2040 is provided for in line with the mechanisms highlighted in the Comprehensive National Development Planning Framework policy.
At the five year National Development Plan level, Uganda has implemented to completion, two of the six 5 year National Development Plans. NDPI (FY 2010/11-FY 2014/15) was focused on growth, employment and socioeconomic transformation for prosperity and it rebalanced the policy agenda towards long-term issues related to structural change, wealth creation and the productive capacity of the economy. This signaled a broadening of Government’s objectives, beyond the narrower focus on extreme poverty, which characterised the Poverty Eradication Action Plan (PEAP) that was implemented prior to the NDP.
NDPII on the other hand, was focused on strengthening Uganda’s competitiveness for sustainable wealth creation, employment and inclusive growth. It laid out the Government strategic five-year plan from FY2015/16 to FY2019/20 with a goal of attaining middle income status by 2020 with a per capita income level of USD 1,033. The Plan’s theme was cognizant of the need for promoting inclusive and sustainable development and thus prioritized 3 of the 9 opportunities identified in the Vision 2040 - agriculture; tourism; and mining, oil and gas - and identifies infrastructure and human capital as two fundamental areas of development in order to achieve the priorities.
In July 2020, Cabinet passed the third National Development Plan (NDPIII FY 2020/21-2024/25). The plan is focused on building a modern, people centered, independent, integrated, resilient and self-sustaining economy. It will build on the progress of the previous plans by enhancing value addition in key growth opportunities (Agriculture, Industry, Knowledge and ICT, and Minerals, Oil & Gas) which are essential to livelihood of Ugandans and have the highest potential to generate employment, prosperity, and positive multiplier effects on other sectors. To comprehensively develop the ‘real economy’ and address the 13 strategic bottlenecks adopted by the African Union, NDPIII has laid out 18 Programmes to promote a coordinated approach to achievement of the development objectives.