The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was adopted by world leaders in September 2015, as the new global development framework. The agenda replaced the Millennium Development Goals that expired in 2015. It seeks to leave no one behind and is associated with 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets which are integrated and indivisible. Five critical areas of importance for humanity and the planet are put forth as; people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnerships.
The new goals and targets came into effect on 1 January 2016 and are expected to guide the decisions that countries take over the next fifteen years. Implementation of the Agenda is within own countries and at the regional and global levels, taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development and respecting national policies and priorities.
Uganda was among the 22 countries that volunteered to undertake the first country level review in July 2016 on the readiness to implement the 2030 Agenda. The review was organized under the auspices of the High Level Political Forum (HLPF). HLPF is central platform for follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Uganda’s report summarized the countries readiness as below;
Summary of Uganda’s Readiness to Implement the 2030 Agenda
Source: Uganda Report on readiness to implement the 2030 Agenda
Uganda localised the SDGs at the strategic level of its policies and the National Development Plan. Consequently, it was among the first countries to integrate the Agenda in its national planning frameworks particularly in the Second National Development Plan (NDPII), and is among the first countries with national plans that meaningfully equate to a National Sustainable Development Strategy. 75% of the SDG’s relevant to Uganda were integrated into NDPII. (2015-2020). Uganda made its second Voluntary Review to the 2020 High Level Political Forum, highlighting key milestones in implementation of Agenda 2030.
Further, Government continues to identify the need for high-quality and inclusive development planning to consolidate gains and advance achievement SDGs. The third National Development Plan (2020/21-2024/25) underwent a wide consultative process and will be a vehicle for accelerating SDGs and Vision 2040. Using integrated SDG modeling approaches, the Government has fully mainstreamed the SDGs, identifying key accelerators based on their relative return on investment. In addition, Sectoral and Local Government plans and policies will also be enhanced to address inclusiveness, a key principle of the 2030 Agenda.
Additionally, Government of Uganda along with other member states participated in the Seventh Session of the Africa Regional Forum on Sustainable Development (ARFSD 7). ARFSD 7 reviewed regional progress towards both the 2030 and 2063 Agendas; adopted the Brazzaville Declaration; as well as an outcome document that identifies and articulates African priorities, policy options and recommendations to inform and accelerate implementation at various levels
The Brazzaville Declaration intends to:
- Invite development partners to mobilize finance for operationalizing the Blue Fund for the Congo Basin;
- Urges international collaboration to support the conservation of peatland in the Congo Basin, noting its contribution to carbon sequestration;
- Call upon African governments to redefine and develop economic models that protect natural resources, promote renewable energy, and foster green and resilient infrastructure and inclusive digitalization; and
- Call upon African governments to make better use of innovative technologies such as artificial intelligence and block chain to support the sustainability transformation.